Welcome to Hogwarts School :: A Harry Potter RPG! It's 1950!

Author Topic: History Guide: United States 1935-1950  (Read 1693 times)

* Anneka Ivanova

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USA: A Timeline of Events

1935

President: Franklin Roosevelt (Democrat)
Vice President: John Garner


January: Amelia Earhart becomes the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California
April: FDR signs legislation creating the Works Progress Administration
April: The first round-the-world telephone conversation
June: National Youth Administration is set up
June: Babe Ruth retires from professional baseball
August: The Social Security Act of 1935 is signed into law by FDR
August: FDR asks Mussolini to preserve peace in East Africa
November: US Postal Service beings transpacific air mail service
December: Congress passes United States Neutrality Act

1936

President: Franklin Roosevelt (Democrat)
Vice President: John Garner


January: Baseball Hall of Fame is established
February: Winter Olympics are held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
March: Hoover Dam is completed
August: Summer Olympics are held in Berlin
November: FDR is elected to his second term as president
December: United Auto Workers begin sit-down strike in Flint, Michigan

1937

President: Franklin Roosevelt (Democrat)
Vice President: John Garner


January: The Great Flood of 1937
March: Slow economic recovery faces a set back as unemployment rises - called the start of the "Roosevelt recession"
May: Dust Storm strikes the West and Midwest
May: Golden Gate Bridge opens in San Francisco
May: Ten people are killed and a dozen more are wounded in the "Memorial Day Massacre" at Republic Steel's South Chicago plant
July: Amelia Earhart vanishes
July: Congress passes the Fair Labor Standards Act
October: New York Yankees win World Series

1938

President: Franklin Roosevelt (Democrat)
Vice President: John Garner

May: House Committee on Un-American Activities established
September: Major Hurricane devastates New England
October: The 'War of the Worlds' broadcast causes panic
October: New York Yankees win the World Series

1939

President: Franklin Roosevelt (Democrat)
Vice President: John Garner


March: Roosevelt administration calls the German takeover of Czechoslovakia a threat to world peace
April: New York World's Fair begins and includes the first exhibition of television
June: The first regular transatlantic passenger air service begins
September: FDR discusses the German invasion of Poland during a fireside chat
October: Nylon stockings are first sold in the US
October: New York Yankees win the World Series
November: Congress passes the Neutrality Act of 1939
December: NFL championship is won by the Green Bay Packers

1940

President: Franklin Roosevelt (Democrat)
Vice President: John Garner


March: Air Defense Command is established
May: FDR asks Congress for supplemental funds for military and naval development
June: US begins to supply Great Britain with surplus war material
July: More Americans are in favor of joining the war on the side of the Allies
September: First peacetime draft is enacted
November: FDR is elected to an unprecedented third term as president
November: F. Scott Fitzgerald dies of heart attack
December: Civil Air Patrol is established
December: FDR gives his famous "Arsenal of Democracy" fireside chat


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« Last Edit: 04/01/2016 at 20:49 by Anneka Ivanova »
and if I'm flying solo, at least I'm flying free
to those who ground me, take a message back from me
tell them how I am defying gravity

* Anneka Ivanova

    (22/04/2014 at 22:07)
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1941

President: Franklin Roosevelt (Democrat)
Vice President: Henry Wallace


February: United Service Organization (USO) is chartered to provide recreation for on-leave members of the armed forces and their families
March: The Lend-Lease Act is approved
June: Fair Employment Practice Committee is created
July: USA occupies Iceland to thwart a potential Nazi invasion
August: Atlantic Charter is issued by FDR and Winston Churchill
October: Mount Rushmore is "completed" due to a lack of funds
October: New York Yankees win World Series
December: Japanese fighter planes attack Pearl Harbor
December: USA declares war against Japan and officially enters WWII
December: USA declares war against Germany and Italy

1942

President: Franklin Roosevelt (Democrat)
Vice President: Henry Wallace


January: FDR creates the National War Labor Board
February: FDR signs an executive order forcing thousands of Japanese Americans into relocation camps
February: Auto factories switch from commercial to war production
March: General Douglas MacArthur becomes supreme commander of Allied forces in the southwest Pacific
March: FDR orders men between 45 and 64 to register for non military duty
June: Battle of Midway is fought
June: Agreement for the development of the first atomic bomb is signed by FDR and Winston Churchill
August: US Marines land on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands
October: St. Louis Cardinals win World Series
November: North Africa is invaded by the US and Great Britain
December: The first nuclear chain reaction is produced at the University of Chicago in the Manhattan Project


1943

President: Franklin Roosevelt (Democrat)
Vice President: Henry Wallace


January: George Washington Carver dies at 81
January: A wartime ban on the sale of pre-sliced bread goes into effect
February: General Eisenhower selected to command the Allied armies in Europe
February: US encounters its first major defeat at the Battle for Kasserine Pass in Tunisia
April: The Jefferson memorial in Washington DC is dedicated by FDR on the 200th anniversary of Thomas Jefferson's birth
June: Race riots in Detroit and Harlem cause 40 deaths and 700 injuries
July:  United States Army's 45th Infantry Division lands on the island of Sicily
October: New York Yankees win World Series
November: Tehran Conference is held between FDR, Winston Churchill, and Josef Stalin
December: Thomas "Fats" Waller dies

1944

President: Franklin Roosevelt (Democrat)
Vice President: Henry Wallace

February: Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
May: Wartime rationing of most grades of meats ends
May: US Communist Party dissolved
June: The Normandy Invasion (D-Day) occurs when Allied forces land in France
June: G.I. Bill of Rights is signed into law
July: Two ships loading ammunition at Port Chicago Naval Weapons Station in California explode killing 320
October: St. Louis Cardinals win World Series
November: FDR is elected to a fourth term as president
December: Supreme Court rules the wartime internment of Japanese Americans on the West Coast was valid during a time of war

1945

President: Franklin Roosevelt (Democrat); Harry Truman
Vice President: Harry Truman; none


February: FDR, Winston Churchill, and Josef Stalin hold the Yalta Conference
February: 30,000 Marines land on Iwo Jima
February: A midnight curfew on nightclubs, bars and other places of entertainment is set to go into effect across the country
April: FDR dies suddenly; Harry Truman becomes president
April: Delegates from some 50 countries meet in San Francisco to organize the United Nations
May: General  Eisenhower accepts the unconditional surrender of Germany which ends WWII in Europe
May: Officials announce the midnight entertainment curfew is being lifted
July: The first atomic bomb, the Trinity Test, is exploded at Alamogordo, New Mexico
July: US Communist Party formed
August: Truman gives the go-ahead to use the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
August: Japan surrenders which ends WWII in the Pacific
August: Gasoline and fuel rationing ends
October: Detroit Tigers win World Series
October: The first ball-point pen was sold by Gimbell's department store in New York for a price of $12
October: Shoe rationing ends
November: Rationing of most foods, including meat and butter, ends
December: Microwave oven is patented



For more information, check out this and thiswebsite.
and if I'm flying solo, at least I'm flying free
to those who ground me, take a message back from me
tell them how I am defying gravity

* Anneka Ivanova

    (04/01/2016 at 20:49)
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1946

President: Harry Truman (Democrat)
Vice President: none


January: The US attends the first meeting of the United Nations general assembly in London
January: The first man-made contact with the moon was made as the US Army bounced radar signals off the lunar surface from Belmar, NJ
February: A press conference for what is considered one of the first computers, the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator (ENIAC), is held at the University of Pennsylvania
February: The 1st commercially designed helicopter is tested at Bridgeport, CT
March: First US built rocket to leave the earth’s atmosphere reached a 50-mile height
April: Weight Watchers was formed
April: Four hundred thousand mine workers begin to strike, with other industries following their lead
April: The League of Nations is dissolved
April: 1st baseball game telecast is in Chicago with the Cardinals vs. Cubs
May: Prisoners revolt at California’s Alcatraz prison
June: The Basketball Association of America is founded
July: The island nation of the Philippines is given their independence by the United States
September: The Cleveland Indians play their final game in League Park, ending a 55-year stay
October: The 1st manufactured electric blanket sells for $39.50
December: Tide laundry detergent is introduced

1947

President: Harry Truman (Democrat)
Vice President: none


February: A chemical mixing error causes an explosion that destroyed 42 blocks in Los Angeles
March: Congress proposes the limitation of the presidency to two terms
April: The first Tony awards are presented at a dinner in the Grand Ballroom of the Waldorf-Astoria on Easter Sunday
April: The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves the trusteeship of Pacific Islands formerly controlled by Japan to the United States
April: Jackie Robinson breaks Major League Baseball's barrier against colored players when he debuts at first base for Branch Rickey's Brooklyn Dodgers
May: The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) convenes in Hollywood to hunt for Communists in the film industry
June: Pan Am Airways is chartered as the 1st worldwide passenger airline
June: Secretary of State George C. Marshall proposes aid extension to European nations for war recovery, known as the Marshall Plan, which would lead to Congressional approval of $12 billion over the following four years
July: Larry Doby signs a contract with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first black player in the American League
July: In New Mexico the Roswell Daily Record reported the military’s capture of a flying saucer
July: President Truman signs the National Security Act, creating the Department of Defense, the National Security Council, CIA, FBI, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff
August: San Francisco’s first parking meter is installed at Bush and Polk streets
September: WPVI TV channel 6 in Philadelphia, PA., (ABC) begins broadcasting
September:  Stephen King, author, was born in Portland, Maine
October: In the first televised White House address, President Truman asked Americans to refrain from eating meat on Tuesdays and poultry on Thursdays to help stockpile grain for starving people in Europe
October: The House Un-American Activities Committee re-convenes in Washington and opens public hearings on alleged communist infiltration within the motion picture industry in Hollywood
November: San Francisco voters overwhelmingly approve Measure 10, the Save the Cable Cars Measure
December: The Tennessee Williams play "A Streetcar Named Desire" opens on Broadway
December: Truman grants a pardon to 1,523 who had evaded the World War II draft


1948

President: Harry Truman (Democrat)
Vice President: none


January: The Supreme Court rules that states could not discriminate against law-school applicants because of race
January: The 1st tape recorder sells
February: The United States and Italy sign a pact of friendship, commerce and navigation
March:  "Gentleman’s Agreement" wins the Academy Award for best picture of 1947
April: The 1st US figure skating championships are held
April: The Soviet Union begins its land blockade of the Allied sectors of Berlin, Germany. A counter blockade by the west was put into effect, as well as a British and U.S. airlift of supplies and food
April: The Organization of American States is founded by twenty-one nations to provide a mutual security pact after World War II
June: The news that the sound barrier has been broken is finally released to the public by the U.S. Air Force
June: The first successfully produced microgroove 33 1/3 rpm, long-playing, records are unveiled by Dr. Peter Goldmark of Columbia Records
July: The fare on New York City subways doubles from a nickel to ten cents
July: Executive Order 9981, ending segregation in the United States military, is signed into effect by President Harry S. Truman
August: Babe Ruth dies at age 53 in NYC
September: Margaret Chase Smith became the first woman elected to the Senate without completing another senator’s term
October: In New York the 1st Grand Prix at Watkins Glen is held
November: President Harry S. Truman rallies from behind, capturing his first president election from the supposed winner Thomas E. Dewey, the governor of New York
December: The House Un-American Activities Committee announces that former Communist spy Whittaker Chambers had produced microfilm of secret documents hidden inside a pumpkin on his Maryland farm

1949

President: Harry Truman (Democrat)
Vice President: Alben Barkley

January: Axis Sally, who broadcasted Nazi propaganda to U.S. troops in Europe, stands trial in the United States for war crimes
January: The first TV daytime soap opera, "These Are My Children," wis broadcast from the NBC station in Chicago
March: Captain James Gallagher lands the B-50 Lucky Lady II in Texas after completing the first around-the-world non-stop airplane flight
March: 1st automatic street light is in New Milford, CT
April:  NATO, the North American Treaty Organization, is formed by the United States, Canada, and ten Western European nations (Belgium, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, United Kingdom)
April: Look Magazine proclaims that radio is "doomed" and that within 3 years television will completely overshadow it
May: The 1st Polaroid camera sells for $89.95 in NYC
June: A gas turbine, electric locomotive is demonstrated in Erie, PA
June: "Hopalong Cassidy" becomes the 1st network western on NBC
June: United States withdraws its troops from Korea after WWII
August: The US Congress approves the celebration of Flag Day
August: The Basketball Association of America and the National Basketball League merge to form the National Basketball Association
September: The Ladies Professional Golf Association of America is formed in NYC
September: "The Lone Ranger" premieres on ABC television
October: Harvard Law School begins admitting women
October:  Eleven leaders of the United States Communist party are convicted of advocating a violent insurrection and overthrow of the U.S. government

1950

President: Harry Truman (Democrat)
Vice President: Alben Barkley


January: The Brinks robbery in Boston occurs when eleven masked bandits steal $2.8 million from an armored car outside their express office
January: President Truman announces that he has ordered full-speed development of the hydrogen bomb
February: Albert Einstein warns against the hydrogen bomb on US national TV
March: Silly Putty is introduced to the public
March: The FBI begins its "10 Most Wanted" list after a reporter asks for the names and descriptions of the "toughest guys" the FBI would like to capture
April: Chuck Cooper becomes the 1st black to play in the NBA
May: Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel opens in NYC
June: Surgeon Richard Lawler performs the first kidney transplant operation in Chicago
June: The Korean War starts
June: Thirty-five military advisers are sent to South Vietnam to give military and economic aid to the anti-Communist government
June: President Harry Truman orders U.S. troops into Korea and authorizes the draft
July: President Harry Truman nams US Gen. Douglas MacArthur as commander-in-chief of United Nations forces assisting the South Koreans
July: United States military involvement in Vietnam begins as President Harry Truman authorizes $15 million in military aid to the French
August: President Harry S. Truman calls the National Guard to active duty to fight in the Korean War
September:  Congress adopts the Internal Security Act, which provides for registration of communists
October: The comic strip "Peanuts," created by Charles M. Schulz (28), is syndicated to seven newspapers as "Li'l Folks"
October: The Federal Communications Commission authorizes the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) to begin commercial color TV broadcasts
October: Hank Ketcham begins his cartoon strip "Dennis the Menace"
November: US Pres. Truman proclaims an emergency crisis caused by communist threat
December: President Truman bans U.S. exports to Communist China


For more information, check out this and thiswebsite.
and if I'm flying solo, at least I'm flying free
to those who ground me, take a message back from me
tell them how I am defying gravity

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